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From the book
Paramagnetism: Rediscovering Nature's Secret Force of Growth
by Philip S. Callahan
Paramagnetism is a physical force. It is the driving force behind Structured Water, the KIVA Lights and the Purple Plates. Not a hard-to-grasp spiritual essence, but a force that is identified and detailed in every physics handbook in the world. The knowledge of this force by the ancients is indisputable.
In paramagnetism the atoms or molecules of the substance have net orbital or spin magnetic moments that are capable of being aligned in the direction of the applied field - (Dictionary of Chemistry)
Exactly what in plain language, does this definition of paramagnetism mean?
First we must define the term magnetic moment. If you spin a fixed magnet in the center of a loop of wire, you generate electricity in the wire, creating an electric generator. Magnetic moment is the ration between the maximum torque exerted on a magnet or current-carrying coil, or the charge in a magnetic field, and the strength of the field itself. Since atoms and molecules spin, rotate, and vibrate in all kinds of predictable directions depending on their makeup, they are in effect, little dynamic generators displaying both field strength and torque (torque = rotating power in a mechanism). In summary, magnetic moment is the ratio of the strength of the magnetic field to rotating power.
It is obvious that the earth and cosmos itself has a magnetic moment since it has a low-energy magnetic field of about ½ gauss. Gauss is the CGS unit of magnetic flux. CGS means Centimeter, Grams, Seconds. Put quite simply, if you have one gram of a substance, on centimeter from a magnet, in what part of one second will it move to the magnet? Put another way, what weight of a paramagnetic material will move one centimeter to a magnet in one second?
Any substance, including soil or rock, that will move toward a magnet is paramagnetic. If you can measure the CGS of a substance then you will know the measure of its attractance force to magnet. CGS is known as susceptibility because it is obvious that if a substance moves to a magnet, then it is susceptible to a magnetic field. Other ways to say it are that the substance is attracted to magnet field, or resonating to the field or grabbed hold of by the field, or even loves the field!
If a paramagnetic substance is placed in a strong magnetic field, all of the field lines will eventually line up, as illustrated:
In nature, all substances are in a weak cosmic magnetic field, which is the earth's ever-present ½ gauss, therefore they are aligned thus:
They are then not completely random, or, as mathematicians might say, in a complete chaotic arrangement. That is why chaotic mathematics is so important to a study of paramagnetism. Take heed chaotic mathematicians. Once place in a strong magnetic field like the electromagnetic coil of a CGS meter, they become more aligned. The measure of the more aligned is the measure of the paramagnetic force, or the CGS measure.
Now that we know that paramagnetism is the alignment of a force field in one direction by a substance in a magnetic field, then we must ask, what is diamagnetism? The Dictionary of Chemistry defines diamagnetism as follows: "Diamagnetism is the magnetization in the opposite direction to that of the applied magnetic field, e.g., the susceptibility is negative away from the magnetic field." Actually all substances are diamagnetic, but it is a weak form of magnetism and may be masked by other, stronger forces, for instance a magnetic field.
Diamagnetism results from changes induced in the torque by bits of electrons that oppose the applied magnetic flux. There is thus a weak negative susceptibility to the magnet. Most organic compounds, including all plants, are diamagnetic. If plants are diamagnetic and good growing soil paramagnetic, then we must be dealing with the yin and yang of Chinese and Japanese geomancy, or the energy put forth by the crane and turtle rock formation.
Why are the crane and turtle rock important? Simply because most of the ancient Zen gardens that I have observed over the years appeared to be both paramagnetic/crane and diamagnetic/turtle! This was observed and documented in the Secret Book of Gardening. The diamagnetic properties of the flattened turtle rock are visually obvious by the amount of white quartz in it. One does not chip pieces of beautiful Zen garden rock to study its CGS properties, but most quartz is not only recognizable by sight, it is also either neutral or weakly diamagnetic.
The Nanzen-en stroll garden of the Kamakura period has several high granite and low quartz boulder arrangements as does the Ryogen-en garden designed by Soami. The diamagnetic/paramagnetic, or yin/yang arrangement is most often seen in the double crane and turtle configurations. There is also a triple configuration that has a central granite standing rock and two smaller granite paramagnetic lower rocks. Tentoku-en, the landscape garden of the Momoyama period, has a high crane basalt rock and low turtle limestone rock. Around these rocks an arrangement of Chinese bellflowers grows in profusion. Interestingly enough, they grow to the left of the tall basalt crane rock and on the right side of the flatter turtle rock.
By positioning such rocks in relationship to the sun and to each other, one can control plant growth. Apparently the ancients knew about this yin and yang, diamagnetic/paramagnetic phenomenon and utilized it in their Zen gardens. That such knowledge is now lost is demonstrated by the fact that the crane/turtle arrangement found at the elegant restaurant where my friend and I had dinner was composed of stones that were both paramagnetic and not paramagnetic/diamagnetic.
Before we move on to a discussion of atmospheric ELF radio waves, it is important that we also define magnetism (ferromagnetism). Ferro means iron. Magnetism occurs in ferro-magnetic substances because it is a characteristic of certain metals, particularly iron, at certain temperatures. Below a certain temperature, called the Curie point, an increasing magnetic field applied to iron, or any ferromagnetic substance, will cause increasing magnetization to a value so high that it becomes saturated and remains permanently stored, aligned magnetic moment. It is analogous to a stored DC battery.
Magnetic substances are extremely rare in nature, the best known being the mineral magnetite. Because of the rarity of magnetite, it is not apt to be the growing force of nature. That does not mean that magnetism is unimportant in the scheme of life.
In this regard, there is one last point that should be made. Even though magnetism is a fixed force, it does vary slightly. There is no such thing as flat line DC - everything in nature alternates, at least slightly. The simple fact is that the magnetic field of the cosmos and the earth alternates far more than the field of a fixed DC magnet. It is this alternating earth/cosmic field to which volcanic soil and volcanic rock resonate, or to which both are susceptible.
As in the case of plants, water is diamagnetic. The atmosphere, because of the oxygen, is paramagnetic. Some of my preliminary experiments at night, during the full moon, indicate a paramagnetic/diamagnetic, plant, moon, water and soil relationship in nature. We know that the moon, which is highly paramagnetic, has a very strong effect on tides, which are of diamagnetic water. The many volcanic and/or meteorite cones indicate a paramagnetic moon body even though I could find no data on this subject from moon rock measurements.
It has long been known that certain Indian tribes planted by the full moon. There is little doubt in my mind that the American Indian knew more about good agriculture techniques than modern agriculturists! As the Sioux brave remarked while watching a farmer turning under virgin prairie grass, "wrong side up!" (in Altars of Unknown Stone by Wes Jackson).